Behind the Beauty of The Frangipani Tree, It has Many Benefits
In Bali, the frangipani tree, which is famous for its fragrant flowers, is not only used to decorate traditional ceremonies, but also in traditional medicine. Every part of the frangipani tree, from roots to flowers, has health benefits. The roots are effective as a traditional medicine for problems such as stomach ache and fever, while the leaves are used in the form of compresses and ointments. Frangipani flowers have the ability to relieve stress, and the sap has anti-inflammatory properties for treating minor wounds and skin infections. The frangipani tree in Bali combines natural beauty and health benefits in a valuable cultural heritage.
The frangipani tree is a plant that amazes with the beauty of its fragrant flowers. These brightly colored flowers are often used as decorations in special ceremonies, such as weddings and religious events in Bali and several other areas. However, behind the enchanting beauty of this frangipani tree, there are several health benefits that have been passed down by Balinese traditions and ancient literature such as Lontar Taru Pramana.
Boreh Frangipani Tree Bark (Source : Author's Collection)
In the Usadha Taru Pramana manuscript written by Prabu Narayasa, son of Mpu Kuturan, it is said:
titiang taru jepun, daging anget, don ring engket taler anget, akah dumalada, titiang dados anggen tamba sakit bangkiang, ambil babakan tiange anggen wedak, ra, pamor bubuk, ulig raris urapang.
The meaning is, I am called a Japanese tree, my tree is warm (hot), the leaves and sap are also warm, the roots are medium. I can use it as a medicine for back pain, take my skin using boreh, mix it with whiting, grind it and then apply it.
In essence, the bark of the frangipani tree (babakan) is used as a cream (external medicine) to treat back pain. The method is to mix it with pamor (betel lime) powder, then grind it and anoint it or rub it on the sore waist.
Some traditional medicine experts also claim that boiled water from frangipani bark can help relieve headaches and fever.
The roots of the frangipani tree have long been used in traditional medicine in Bali. According to the teachings of Usadha Bali, frangipani roots have extraordinary healing properties. Frangipani roots are processed into a potion to treat various health problems, including stomach aches, coughs and fever. With optional additional ingredients (depending on the medicinal purpose, such as ginger, turmeric, or ginger). Apart from that, frangipani root is also known to help overcome digestive problems, such as constipation, and reduce inflammation in the body.
Ingredients for Frangipani Root Potion (Photo Source: Author's Collection)
In Balinese tradition, frangipani roots are often used as a base for aromatherapy oils used in traditional massage. Frangipani oil is known to provide a relaxing effect and relieve stress. The fragrant aroma is also thought to be able to lift the mood and provide calm.
Apart from the roots, frangipani leaves also have significant health benefits. Frangipani leaves are processed into traditional medicine which is used to treat wounds, insect bites and itching. Frangipani leaves contain active compounds which are known to have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, thereby helping prevent infection and speeding up the healing process.
The use of frangipani leaves in traditional Balinese medicine is quite diverse. They can be used in the form of compresses, ointments, or infusions. Apart from that, frangipani leaves are also used in traditional baths, which are believed to cleanse and rejuvenate the skin.
Frangipani Leaves and Flowers (Source : Author's Collection)
The beautiful and fragrant frangipani flowers are not only used for decoration, but also have their own health benefits. In Balinese Usadha teachings, frangipani flowers are believed to have the ability to induce a sense of calm and serenity. Its gentle aroma can help relieve stress and anxiety.
Apart from that, in Lontar Taru Pramana, frangipani flowers are also mentioned as a symbol of beauty and balance in the body. Some traditional practitioners use it in cleansing ceremonies to remove negative energy and bring balance back into a person's life.
Apart from the parts that have been mentioned, the sap also has health benefits. Frangipani sap also has anti-inflammatory properties which can be used to treat small wounds or skin infections, by taking the frangipani sap slowly then dripping it and applying it to the wound.
Application of Frangipani Sap to Minor Wounds (Source : Author's Collection)
In the context of Usadha Bali, knowledge about the health benefits contained in each part of the frangipani tree is an important element of this traditional healing practice. Usadha Bali inherits this knowledge from generation to generation, reflecting the richness of culture and local wisdom in medicine. The use of various elements of the Jepun tree, from roots to flowers and sap, enriches Usadha Bali's practice of providing first aid and treating various health problems naturally. This is one example of how Balinese culture and nature come together in a healing practice that is unique and beneficial to the local community.