Rediscovering the Wonders of Nature: Pomegranate as Traditional Herbal Medicine

Pomegranate, a fruit that captivates with its colorful skin, is evidence of the wonders of nature that not only stimulate the palate but also offer a multitude of health benefits. It is a tangible testament to the abundance of nature that we should be grateful for and enjoy on our never-ending journey towards health.

Sep 10, 2023 - 02:13
Sep 10, 2023 - 02:12
Rediscovering the Wonders of Nature: Pomegranate as Traditional Herbal Medicine
Pomegranate Fruits (Photo Source: Editorial Collection)

Pomegranate, scientifically known as Punica granatum, is one of the fruits that can captivate with its charm. Known for its medium to large size, pomegranate adorns the world with its tough skin, which can be red, white, or even black, depending on the variety. Inside this beautiful fruit, we can find hundreds of seeds that offer various colors according to their variety, creating an incredible freshness. Its taste can also vary greatly, ranging from sweet to slightly sour, creating a unique flavor experience for anyone who tastes it.

However, there is much more that makes pomegranate so intriguing. Pomegranate grows on lush green trees, creating a beautiful contrast between the colorful fruit and the lush green leaves. This fruit has become a part of cultures and cuisines worldwide, known for its rich flavor and various health benefits it offers.

The true marvel of pomegranate lies in its remarkable bioactive compounds. This fruit contains various important compounds such as polyphenols, anthocyanins, citric acid, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate, which have extraordinary health benefits. The diversity of these compounds makes pomegranate not just a fruit but also a very special traditional herbal remedy.

For thousands of years, pomegranate has been used in various traditional healing systems, especially in Bali, to address various health issues. Although better known as one of the superfoods of the Middle East, pomegranate also holds a special place in Balinese culture and medicine. In the practice of "usadha rare", a natural herbal healing tradition passed down through generations, pomegranate fruit is used alongside various other natural ingredients to address health problems, especially diarrhea, which often affects children.

As explained in the usadha rare manuscript, "Ta rare mising sa, kulit buah delima, bras bang, urap akena wetengnya. Yanya grah sa, don bulun bawang, adas jamokena". Translation: "For treating children with diarrhea, use pomegranate peel, red rice; all of this is mixed in the stomach. If the body is hot, use red onion leaves and apply fennel oil on the chest". This is a real example of how local knowledge that has endured for centuries remains relevant in Balinese traditional medicine.

The use of pomegranate in usadha rare in Bali is not new. Pomegranate has been recognized for its healing properties and its effectiveness in addressing various digestive disorders. The nutritional content and active compounds in pomegranate, such as antioxidants and tannins, play a crucial role in alleviating diarrhea symptoms and restoring digestive balance.

Compounds like polyphenols and anthocyanins in pomegranate have strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, aligning with Bali's health philosophy that emphasizes the balance of the body and mind. They can help protect the body from cell damage and inflammation that can lead to various diseases. The color of pomegranate skin actually reflects the diversity of bioactive compounds contained within it. Let's explore the benefits of each color of pomegranate.


Red Pomegranate (Photo Source: Editorial Collection) 

Red pomegranate is the most commonly found variety in Bali and has remarkable health benefits. Rich in antioxidants, especially polyphenols, red pomegranate helps protect the body from free radical damage, which can lead to premature aging and various diseases. In Bali, red pomegranate is often used in various traditional remedies to boost immunity and address inflammation issues. Furthermore, it is also associated with reducing the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure. Its balanced sweet and sour taste makes it a refreshing and healthy choice for consumption either directly or as a beverage.


White Pomegranate (Photo Source: Editorial Collection)

In Bali, white pomegranate is also found, although less commonly than the red variety. This fruit is high in fiber, which is good for digestion and weight management. White pomegranate can also help control blood sugar levels, making it a good choice for diabetic individuals, which aligns well with Bali's culture that prioritizes health through natural foods. Its sweeter taste compared to red pomegranate makes it suitable for a healthy snack or as an addition to dishes.


Black Pomegranate (Photo Source: Editor's Collection)


While black pomegranate may be harder to find in Bali, this variety also offers significant health benefits. Black pomegranate is rich in anthocyanins, compounds that give the fruit its dark color. Anthocyanins have anti-inflammatory properties and can help improve cardiovascular health. Black pomegranate is also high in vitamin C, which is beneficial for the immune system. Its sweet and exotic taste makes it a perfect fruit to enjoy as a snack or as a dessert addition in Bali's rich tradition of healthy cuisine.

In an effort to harness the extraordinary health benefits stored in pomegranate, as part of usadha rare, let's make pomegranate a healthy companion in our routines. You can incorporate pomegranate seeds, fresh juice with a local touch, or use it as an ingredient in traditional Balinese dishes into your daily life. Remember that pomegranate is a natural herbal remedy, and balanced consumption will provide significant health benefits, in line with Bali's principle of maintaining harmony with nature and the body.

Pomegranate, with its vibrant colors, remarkable benefits, and its role in usadha rare, is a treasure worth cherishing and exploring further. We can make use of the benefits of each pomegranate color according to our preferences and needs. In addition to offering tempting flavors, pomegranate is a manifestation of the wonders of nature that can enhance our health and quality of life. Therefore, continue to make pomegranate an integral part of a sustainable healthy lifestyle, and enjoy its benefits in our never-ending health journey. Pomegranate is a real testament to the abundance of nature that we should be grateful for, and we are fortunate to experience it. Be a part of the celebration of the beauty and usefulness of this extraordinary fruit.